The project ALARM aims to develop operational transborder cooperation between civil security stakeholders and the French-Belgian border. This cooperation concerns a wide range of cross-border risks such as those that are common (fire, road accidents…), technological, industrial and natural (floods, landslides…) or those that are manmade (disruption of service networks, fluctuation and mobility).
The consequences of a natural catastrophe or of a technological or industrial accident do not come to a halt at a country’s border. Population catchment area and common risks must not be an obstacle blocking the emergency services from fulfilling their duty in critical situations.
With 620 km of common border, France and Belgium are particularly concerned. The border zone is marked by a strong concentration of industries, the presence of two nuclear sites (Gravelines and Chooz), similarity of natural hazards (floods, landslides, underground cavities), the presence of major communication axes, significant cross-border urbanisation and a high population density (324 inhabitants per km2).