Efus Country Profile: Finland

Last update: March 2008 (SE)

1. Crime statistics

(Source: Statistics Finland, Wikipedia)
Population (2008 estimate): 5.305.353
Crime rate (2004): 101 per 100.000 inhabitants (Source: Crime Stastistics Worldwide 2004)
Global tendency: +2.69% (1998-2003)
Main Offences (recorded by the police, 2006):
All offences: 762.155
Offences against the penal code: 516.940 out of which
– manslaughter, murder, homicide: 111
– assault: 30.885
– theft & robbery: 147.137
– drunk driving: 25.765
– offences involving narcotics: 13.317
Traffic Infractions: 215.322
Other offences: 3.034
Offenders (2003):
Total: 584.936
Minors’ percentage (under 18): 5.1%
Women percentage: NA
Foreigners’ percentage: NA
More about crime stats
Statistics Finland

Prison population (2004): 3577
Prison capacity (2004): 3473
Age of criminal responsibility: 15
National victimisation survey: Yes, Public Security Barometer (every two years)

2. Safety and crime prevention (general)

Police forces (2004): 10998 out of which 7718 uniformed police officers (147 for 100000 inhabitants)
Judicial system workforce: 4005 (850 judges, 17 per 100.000 inhabitants)
Private security forces (2004 estimate): 5000
Relevant NGOs operating in the field of crime prevention: Association of Finnish Regional and Local Authorities, which has a crime prevention network, Crime Victims Help service

3. Competence of State, regional and local authorities / Partnership structures

National Crime Prevention Council: National Council for Crime Prevention, since 1989
National actions plans: Working together for a safe democracy (1999) the reinforce the partnership principle, the public order act (2003) for unification of the regional polices norm, role of local authorities, the drug policy program (2004-2007)
Regional level of competence: Every province has its own police (5 provincial polices) and is in charge of the elaboration of regional safety plans (since 2003).
Local authorities: Elaboration of local safety plans (in almost of cities), co-operation with the police, social services, etc.
Role of elected officials (city mayors): head of the local police

4. Main Debates

Reform of the police organization; enlargement and organized crime (economic crime, fraud, drug-related crime); relation with the private security forces; gun crime and violent crime.