Priorities of the Spanish presidency in the Field of Justice, Freedom and Security


Spanish Presidency – January – June 2010

Spain holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union during the first half of 2010. The presidency will start its work with new major elements: the Treaty of Lisbon and the appointments of top-level posts: the permanent president and the high representative. Also the President of the Commission, Manuel Durao Barroso, has announced his proposals for the composition of a new Commission. The 2010 European Year of Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion will draw social exclusion on the top of agendas of the Spanish Presidency. Another area of special attention is the equality and abolishing violence against women. Fostering European citizenship is highlighted as a part of the new Treaty of Lisbon.

“Europe will only be strong when all its citizens are strong and when European citizens are seen to be strong, which requires new steps to develop and to make the rights of European citizens a reality,.” Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero.

The three challenges -economic, environmental and social- are still the key questions in the work of Presidency and they will be drawn up within the framework of a common strategy for the transformation of the European Union by 2020. The Spanish Presidency’s agenda for the next six months are economic revival, the European Union’s global standing and citizen’s rights. Thus the primary objectives are

o The first and essential priority for the development of the others is the full and effective application of the Lisbon Treaty.

o The second is to guarantee the economic recovery of Europe through greater co-ordination of every member state and the approval of the European strategy for sustainable growth for 2020.

o The third is to reinforce the presence and influence of the European Union in the new world order.

o Finally, the fourth is to place European citizens at the centre of EU policy, with initiatives designed to develop their rights and freedoms.

“Europe of Rights and Freedoms, a Europe for all citizens”

“Consolidating a safer Union for its citizens, responding to the challenges of immigration and constructing a shared space with judicial and police cooperation, Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero.”

The Treaty of Lisbon entered into force on December 1st, 2009. Citizens’ rights, freedoms and principles will be more efficiently protected and visible in the Treaty; it includes the Charter of Fundamental Rights establishing its legally binding nature. It also entails new institutions such as European External Action Service for further coherence and efficiency to the European Union’s external action. Another instrument to protect European citizens is the Solidarity Clause, which provides mutual assistance in case of terrorist attack or human disaster, occurred within the borders of European Union. Its development requires joint proposal by the European Commission and the High Representative

One of the main aims of the Spanish Presidency of the EU is to bring the Union closer to the people and increase its participation in Community life, by setting in motion the European popular legislative initiative (for which a million signatures will be necessary) and by the EU signing up to the European Convention on Human Rights

To support socially cohesive Europe, the European Council adopted the Stockholm programme for the development of the European Area of Freedom, Security and Justice during the 2010-2014 period. A new legal framework and new instruments will promote even stronger union, towards the future and its citizens of today.

Also ‘Reinforcing Europe’s social dimension’ means social protection, inclusion and integration as the key elements of the new 2011-2015 European Social Agenda which will complement the content of the EU 2020 Strategy.

The President of European Union Spain highlights the ultimate need to eradicate gender-based violence. The creation of a European Observatory to draw up a common diagnosis of the problem as well as the adoption of a European Protection Order for the victims will be essential initiatives that are to be advanced by the Presidency to achieve concrete progress on this matter. Furthermore Commission’s assessment of the roadmap for gender equality concluding in 2010 will be followed up, and the creation of a new one will be fostered.

Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

With the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, legal cooperation and actions related to criminal police might be changed pursuant to the new Treaties, as well as to implement institutional initiatives, particularly the Internal Security Committee (COSI).

The Spanish Presidency will start implementing the multiannual programme (2010-2014) for the development of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ), Stockholm Programme, and will guide adoption of its Action Plan, which will realise the political priorities, the actions to be developed both by the EU and by the Member States, and the instruments to control and assess its execution, as well as the schedule for its implementation. Within this framework, the Spanish Presidency will foster the definition of a sustainable European Internal Security Strategy providing coherence and efficiency to the different mechanisms and stakeholders in this sphere and which may be approachable for citizens.

The Union’s external dimension in terms of justice and home affairs should be reinforced boosting international cooperation in immigration, the fight against terrorism, organised crime and human trafficking, judicial cooperation and safeguarding of fundamental rights. Cooperation with the US in this sector will be reinforced, and a special effort will be made to deepen the dialogue with the countries of Northern Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Russia, fostering cooperation in the fight against terrorism, organised crime and, especially, against drug trafficking.

Home affairs

The Presidency will promote direct and operational police cooperation establishing a dynamic framework to perform joint operations through the creation of “joint cooperation teams”. It will also promote the implementation of a mobility program, following the Erasmus model, among middle and higher police training centre students from Member States.

The Presidency will ensure that Europol successfully overcomes the transition stage leading to the implementation of the European Police Bureau as European Agency during the first six months of 2010.

Cooperation in crime prevention will be endorsed and in addition; special emphasis will be placed on victims of gender-based violence. As to the fight against organised crime, special attention will be given to cybercrime, money laundering and asset recovery. Adoption of a new instrument to fight cybercrime will be promoted to update the existing framework.

With respect to civil protection, the Spanish Presidency will work to improve the EU responsiveness to natural and human disasters, particularly in terms of forest fire prevention and extinction. The European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection will be developed and special attention will be given to the strengthening of the Mutual European Assistance and the implementation of Civil Protection Modules.

Economic recovery and job creation: Europe 2020

Europe 2020, a New Growth and Employment Strategy will emphasise the European model sustainability in three dimensions: Economic, social and environmental sustainability. The New Strategy should render employment special attention, increasing participation, training and workers’ employability to guarantee social inclusion. Specific programmes fostering youth employment should be established for a better integration, through measures that may fight educational failure and early dropout and increase the number of young people completing secondary education or professional training. In addition any form of discriminations should be eliminated and equality between men and women put in practice

Social Policy

The Spanish Presidency will close the current period of ‘Revised Social Agenda’ for 2008-2010 by analysing it and evaluating for the new European Social Agenda. The gender perspective should become a key element in the new social cohesion model. Another top priority concerning social protection and inclusion will be the active integration of those facing more difficulty when entering the labour market. In this same token, emphasis will be placed on the development of the activities foreseen for the celebration of the 2010 European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion; like the Second European Summit on Gypsy Population.

Equal access to education is a must to efficiently combat early school dropout throughout all levels of the education and training system. “New skills for new jobs” initiative will foster professional training, which is the cornerstone of economic development.

In the area research the role of R&D&I in social cohesion and the fight against poverty and social exclusion will be promoted together with a culture of science.

The European Youth Pack will be in focus of the Presidency; especially a social inclusion strategy will be addressed building bridges between education and the labour market, fostering increased youth autonomy, mobility, and involvement in shaping the European citizenship. An effort will also be made to set up the new youth policies cooperation framework, with a special emphasis on the youth with fewer opportunities.

Immigration and asylum

The Spanish Presidency promotes common European immigration and asylum policy, developing the agenda for the Global Approach on Immigration and for the European Pact on Immigration and Asylum (EPIA). The objectives of the common immigration and asylum policy are achieving an organised legal immigration, fighting against illegal immigration and human trafficking, and controlling the Union’s foreign borders, furthering cooperation with countries of origin and transit. In terms of legal immigration, a common policy on setting up criteria for admission, residence and occupation of non-Community immigrant workers will be advanced. In this arena, the Spanish Presidency aims at launching a debate on linking employment policies and migration policies. In terms of illegal immigration and human trafficking, an operational exercise will be proposed through the rapid border intervention teams and integrated borders management.

Special attention will be given to unaccompanied immigrant minors and following the inclusion of this matter in the Stockholm Program, the Union may start adopting the first decisions on the subject, which should address minors’ prevention, protection and return to their families or foster institutions in their countries of origin.

In terms of asylum, special attention will be given to the implementation of the European Asylum Support Office.

During the next six months, the European Union should reach an agreement about the last directive proposal on the fight against discrimination based on religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation in non-working environments.

Enlargement strategy and neighbourhood policy

The Spanish Presidency will intends to intensify accession negotiations with Croatia, while seeking to ‘maintain an appropriate pace’ with Turkey, another candidate country. Likewise, the accession of Island will be taken into a procedure if the Council decides to start accession negotiations.

In the Neighbourhood policy area the Spanish Presidency will work for a balanced development of both the Eastern and the Mediterranean tracks of the European Neighbourhood Policy.

European Foreign, Security and Cooperation policy

The new Treaty of Lisbon will provide new instruments to strengthen the Union’s capability to act in the international crises, develop common foreign policy and increase its visibility in the international arena.

In the multilateral cooperation sphere the protection and promotion of human rights and its full integration into the UN system are a priority for the EU. Especially the consolidation of Human Rights Council and progress achieved in the abolition of the death penalty are relevant to the Spanish Presidency as well as the fight against women’s discrimination and gender-based violence, the fight against torture, the defence of the right to drinking water and sanitation, the fight against sexual discrimination and the protection of children’s rights and disabled people’s rights.

More info: http://www.eu2010.es/en/presidencia/programapol/

Spanish Presidency – January – June 2010

Spain holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union during the first half of 2010. The presidency will start its work with new major elements: the Treaty of Lisbon and the appointments of top-level posts: the permanent president and the high representative. Also the President of the Commission, Manuel Durao Barroso, has announced his proposals for the composition of a new Commission. The 2010 European Year of Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion will draw social exclusion on the top of agendas of the Spanish Presidency. Another area of special attention is the equality and abolishing violence against women. Fostering European citizenship is highlighted as a part of the new Treaty of Lisbon.“Europe will only be strong when all its citizens are strong and when European citizens are seen to be strong, which requires new steps to develop and to make the rights of European citizens a reality,.” Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero.The three challenges -economic, environmental and social- are still the key questions in the work of Presidency and they will be drawn up within the framework of a common strategy for the transformation of the European Union by 2020. The Spanish Presidency’s agenda for the next six months are economic revival, the European Union’s global standing and citizen’s rights. Thus the primary objectives are o The first and essential priority for the development of the others is the full and effective application of the Lisbon Treaty.o The second is to guarantee the economic recovery of Europe through greater co-ordination of every member state and the approval of the European strategy for sustainable growth for 2020.o The third is to reinforce the presence and influence of the European Union in the new world order.o Finally, the fourth is to place European citizens at the centre of EU policy, with initiatives designed to develop their rights and freedoms.“Europe of Rights and Freedoms, a Europe for all citizens”“Consolidating a safer Union for its citizens, responding to the challenges of immigration and constructing a shared space with judicial and police cooperation, Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero.”The Treaty of Lisbon entered into force on December 1st, 2009. Citizens’ rights, freedoms and principles will be more efficiently protected and visible in the Treaty; it includes the Charter of Fundamental Rights establishing its legally binding nature. It also entails new institutions such as European External Action Service for further coherence and efficiency to the European Union’s external action. Another instrument to protect European citizens is the Solidarity Clause, which provides mutual assistance in case of terrorist attack or human disaster, occurred within the borders of European Union. Its development requires joint proposal by the European Commission and the High RepresentativeOne of the main aims of the Spanish Presidency of the EU is to bring the Union closer to the people and increase its participation in Community life, by setting in motion the European popular legislative initiative (for which a million signatures will be necessary) and by the EU signing up to the European Convention on Human RightsTo support socially cohesive Europe, the European Council adopted the Stockholm programme for the development of the European Area of Freedom, Security and Justice during the 2010-2014 period. A new legal framework and new instruments will promote even stronger union, towards the future and its citizens of today.Also ‘Reinforcing Europe’s social dimension’ means social protection, inclusion and integration as the key elements of the new 2011-2015 European Social Agenda which will complement the content of the EU 2020 Strategy.The President of European Union Spain highlights the ultimate need to eradicate gender-based violence. The creation of a European Observatory to draw up a common diagnosis of the problem as well as the adoption of a European Protection Order for the victims will be essential initiatives that are to be advanced by the Presidency to achieve concrete progress on this matter. Furthermore Commission’s assessment of the roadmap for gender equality concluding in 2010 will be followed up, and the creation of a new one will be fostered. Area of Freedom, Security and JusticeWith the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, legal cooperation and actions related to criminal police might be changed pursuant to the new Treaties, as well as to implement institutional initiatives, particularly the Internal Security Committee (COSI). The Spanish Presidency will start implementing the multiannual programme (2010-2014) for the development of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ), Stockholm Programme, and will guide adoption of its Action Plan, which will realise the political priorities, the actions to be developed both by the EU and by the Member States, and the instruments to control and assess its execution, as well as the schedule for its implementation. Within this framework, the Spanish Presidency will foster the definition of a sustainable European Internal Security Strategy providing coherence and efficiency to the different mechanisms and stakeholders in this sphere and which may be approachable for citizens. The Union’s external dimension in terms of justice and home affairs should be reinforced boosting international cooperation in immigration, the fight against terrorism, organised crime and human trafficking, judicial cooperation and safeguarding of fundamental rights. Cooperation with the US in this sector will be reinforced, and a special effort will be made to deepen the dialogue with the countries of Northern Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Russia, fostering cooperation in the fight against terrorism, organised crime and, especially, against drug trafficking. Home affairsThe Presidency will promote direct and operational police cooperation establishing a dynamic framework to perform joint operations through the creation of “joint cooperation teams”. It will also promote the implementation of a mobility program, following the Erasmus model, among middle and higher police training centre students from Member States.The Presidency will ensure that Europol successfully overcomes the transition stage leading to the implementation of the European Police Bureau as European Agency during the first six months of 2010. Cooperation in crime prevention will be endorsed and in addition; special emphasis will be placed on victims of gender-based violence. As to the fight against organised crime, special attention will be given to cybercrime, money laundering and asset recovery. Adoption of a new instrument to fight cybercrime will be promoted to update the existing framework. With respect to civil protection, the Spanish Presidency will work to improve the EU responsiveness to natural and human disasters, particularly in terms of forest fire prevention and extinction. The European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection will be developed and special attention will be given to the strengthening of the Mutual European Assistance and the implementation of Civil Protection Modules.Economic recovery and job creation: Europe 2020Europe 2020, a New Growth and Employment Strategy will emphasise the European model sustainability in three dimensions: Economic, social and environmental sustainability. The New Strategy should render employment special attention, increasing participation, training and workers’ employability to guarantee social inclusion. Specific programmes fostering youth employment should be established for a better integration, through measures that may fight educational failure and early dropout and increase the number of young people completing secondary education or professional training. In addition any form of discriminations should be eliminated and equality between men and women put in practiceSocial PolicyThe Spanish Presidency will close the current period of ‘Revised Social Agenda’ for 2008-2010 by analysing it and evaluating for the new European Social Agenda. The gender perspective should become a key element in the new social cohesion model. Another top priority concerning social protection and inclusion will be the active integration of those facing more difficulty when entering the labour market. In this same token, emphasis will be placed on the development of the activities foreseen for the celebration of the 2010 European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion; like the Second European Summit on Gypsy Population.Equal access to education is a must to efficiently combat early school dropout throughout all levels of the education and training system. “New skills for new jobs” initiative will foster professional training, which is the cornerstone of economic development. In the area research the role of R&D&I in social cohesion and the fight against poverty and social exclusion will be promoted together with a culture of science. The European Youth Pack will be in focus of the Presidency; especially a social inclusion strategy will be addressed building bridges between education and the labour market, fostering increased youth autonomy, mobility, and involvement in shaping the European citizenship. An effort will also be made to set up the new youth policies cooperation framework, with a special emphasis on the youth with fewer opportunities. Immigration and asylumThe Spanish Presidency promotes common European immigration and asylum policy, developing the agenda for the Global Approach on Immigration and for the European Pact on Immigration and Asylum (EPIA). The objectives of the common immigration and asylum policy are achieving an organised legal immigration, fighting against illegal immigration and human trafficking, and controlling the Union’s foreign borders, furthering cooperation with countries of origin and transit. In terms of legal immigration, a common policy on setting up criteria for admission, residence and occupation of non-Community immigrant workers will be advanced. In this arena, the Spanish Presidency aims at launching a debate on linking employment policies and migration policies. In terms of illegal immigration and human trafficking, an operational exercise will be proposed through the rapid border intervention teams and integrated borders management. Special attention will be given to unaccompanied immigrant minors and following the inclusion of this matter in the Stockholm Program, the Union may start adopting the first decisions on the subject, which should address minors’ prevention, protection and return to their families or foster institutions in their countries of origin. In terms of asylum, special attention will be given to the implementation of the European Asylum Support Office. During the next six months, the European Union should reach an agreement about the last directive proposal on the fight against discrimination based on religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation in non-working environments.Enlargement strategy and neighbourhood policyThe Spanish Presidency will intends to intensify accession negotiations with Croatia, while seeking to ‘maintain an appropriate pace’ with Turkey, another candidate country. Likewise, the accession of Island will be taken into a procedure if the Council decides to start accession negotiations. In the Neighbourhood policy area the Spanish Presidency will work for a balanced development of both the Eastern and the Mediterranean tracks of the European Neighbourhood Policy.European Foreign, Security and Cooperation policyThe new Treaty of Lisbon will provide new instruments to strengthen the Union’s capability to act in the international crises, develop common foreign policy and increase its visibility in the international arena. In the multilateral cooperation sphere the protection and promotion of human rights and its full integration into the UN system are a priority for the EU. Especially the consolidation of Human Rights Council and progress achieved in the abolition of the death penalty are relevant to the Spanish Presidency as well as the fight against women’s discrimination and gender-based violence, the fight against torture, the defence of the right to drinking water and sanitation, the fight against sexual discrimination and the protection of children’s rights and disabled people’s rights.More info: http://www.eu2010.es/en/presidencia/programapol/

2010-02-15

1266252201

1021