Efus “Country profile” : Lithuania

Last update : 03/2006
Population (2006) : 3.403.200

1.Crime statistics

Crime rate(2004) : 24,49‰
Global tendency : + 14,93% (1998 to 2005)
Main Offences (2005) :
Theft : 48,4%
Robberies : 5, 8%
Public nuisances : 4,4%
Drug related offences : 2,02%
Murders (and attempts) : 0,43%
Offenders (2005):
Total: 26.070 (764 per 100.000 population)
Minors percentage (< 18): 15,9%
Women percentage: 10,7%
Foreigners percentage: NA
more on crime stats
Prison population (2005.11.01) : 7.990 (235 per 100.000 inhabitants)  including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners
Prison capacity (2005.11.01) : 9.578
Age of criminal responsibility : 16 (14 for certain crimes)
National victimisation survey :  ICVS (2005)

2. Safety and crime prevention (general)

Police forces (2004.01.01) : 13.069 (378,7 per 100.000 inhabitants)
Judicial system workforce (2004): 693 judges
Private security forces : about 15-20 private security services
Relevant NGO’s operating in the field of crime prevention : Public Institution “Vaiko namas” (Child’s house), Vilnius ; Safe child’s centre, Kaunas ; Lithuanian CARITAS project, Vilnius, Kaunas and other cities ; Youth Psychological Assistance centre, Vilnius ; Vilnius Women’s House and Crisis Centre ; Lithuanian Children’s Rights Protection Organisation “Gelbekit vaikus” (Safe the Children) ; Missing Persons’ Families Support Centre, Vilnius ; Women’s Issues Information Centre (WIIC); Anyksciai Community Centre, Anyksciai.

3. Competence of State, regional and local authorities / Partnership structures

National Crime Prevention Council : No (The Crime Prevention in Lithuania Centre (since 1997) public non-profit organization)
National action plans: National Programme for the Prevention and Control of Crime(2003; Plan of Measures Implementing the National Programme for the Prevention and Control of Crime(2005-2006);Integrated Programme for the Prevention and Control of Motor Vehicle Theft (2005-2007); Juveniles Justice Programme (2004-2008) ; National Programme for the Prevention of Children and Juveniles Delinquency (1997-2005); National Programme for Children Day Centres (2005-2007); Programme for Children and Youth Socialization (2004-2014); National Programme for the Aid for Children and Prevention of Violence Against Children (2005-2007); National Programme for the Control of Drugs and Prevention of Drug Addiction (2004-2008); Programme for the Prevention and Control of Trafficking in Human Beings (2005-2008); National Anti-Corruption Programme (2002-2006); Programme for the Prevention of Organized Crime and Corruption (1999-2005); Programme for the Social Adaptation of Convicts and Released from Penitentiaries (2004-2007).

Regional level of competence: The Law on County Governance of Republic Lithuania determined the competence of counties (regions) in violence prevention.

Local authorities: Following the Republic of Lithuania Law on Local Governance, municipalities are involved in ensuring public order and peace of residents (development and implementation of local crime control and prevention programs, using local police, and involving public organisations and residents). Local institutions (town or district municipalities) carry out violence and crime prevention via specialised municipal administration divisions (educational divisions, etc.), the municipal council, board and the mayor. All municipalities have Children’s rights protection services, social services centres, psychological-pedagogical services. Also local authorities are responsible for providing the legal aid and assistance in the municipality.

Role of elected officials (city mayors): The mayor is not elected by the people, but by the municipal council which is elected by residents. The mayor shall analyse the situation in the municipality and propose draft decisions and recommendations to the municipality council on issues relating to public order and peace.

4. Main Debates

Coordination of the entirety of prevention programmes; evaluation of prevention programmes and measuring their effectiveness; system of financing national prevention programmes; inter-disciplinary co-operation solving problems related to crime prevention; protection of children that are victims of crime, violence, sexual abuse, commercial sexual exploitation or trafficking in human beings; alternative ways of solving the conflicts, alternatives to legal procedure (mediation, reconciliation, etc.).