Finland

Last update: March 2008 (SE)

1. Crime statistics

(Source: Statistics Finland, Wikipedia)
Population (2008 estimate): 5.305.353
Crime rate (2004): 101 per 100.000 inhabitants (Source: Crime Stastistics Worldwide 2004)
Global tendency: +2.69% (1998-2003)
Main Offences (recorded by the police, 2006):
All offences: 762.155
Offences against the penal code: 516.940 out of which
– manslaughter, murder, homicide: 111
– assault: 30.885
– theft & robbery: 147.137
– drunk driving: 25.765
– offences involving narcotics: 13.317
Traffic Infractions: 215.322
Other offences: 3.034
Offenders (2003):
Total: 584.936
Minors’ percentage (under 18): 5.1%
Women percentage: NA
Foreigners’ percentage: NA
More about crime stats
Statistics Finland

Prison population (2004): 3577
Prison capacity (2004): 3473
Age of criminal responsibility: 15
National victimisation survey: Yes, Public Security Barometer (every two years)

2. Safety and crime prevention (general)

Police forces (2004): 10998 out of which 7718 uniformed police officers (147 for 100000 inhabitants)
Judicial system workforce: 4005 (850 judges, 17 per 100.000 inhabitants)
Private security forces (2004 estimate): 5000
Relevant NGOs operating in the field of crime prevention: Association of Finnish Regional and Local Authorities, which has a crime prevention network, Crime Victims Help service

3. Competence of State, regional and local authorities / Partnership structures

National Crime Prevention Council: National Council for Crime Prevention, since 1989
National actions plans: Working together for a safe democracy (1999) the reinforce the partnership principle, the public order act (2003) for unification of the regional polices norm, role of local authorities, the drug policy program (2004-2007)
Regional level of competence: Every province has its own police (5 provincial polices) and is in charge of the elaboration of regional safety plans (since 2003).
Local authorities: Elaboration of local safety plans (in almost of cities), co-operation with the police, social services, etc.
Role of elected officials (city mayors): head of the local police

4. Main Debates

Reform of the police organization; enlargement and organized crime (economic crime, fraud, drug-related crime); relation with the private security forces; gun crime and violent crime.

“New technologies are interesting for the preservation of public peace” – Interview with Luc Strehaiano

An interview with Luc Strehaiano, president of the urban community of the Montmorency Valley (Communauté d’agglomération de la vallée de Montmorency, CAVAM). Luc Strehaiano was reelected in the first round for a fourth mandate as Mayor of Soisy-sous-Montmorency, during municipal … More

“Sense of safety – A success factor for a vibrant city”, Helsinki, Finland

The city of Helsinki (Finland) is organising on October 20, 21, and 22 its now annual international conference on urban security, in cooperation with the Finnish Ministry of Justice and the Efus. During this event, many topics related to security … More

Justice for minors in Finland: Summary Report, 2000

Age of criminal responsibility: This age is fixed at 15.  Minors under 15 are considered criminally irresponsible.  Civil courts can make them repair damage they have caused, and they can be monitored by social services.  Minors between 15 and 18 … More

National Council for Crime Prevention

  The National Council for Crime Prevention is a crime prevention expert and cooperation agency, established in the Ministry of Justice, Finland. The goal of the Council is to decrease the harm caused by crime and to increase security. The … More