Austria

Last update : March 2008 (SE)

1.Crime statistics (Source: Bundesministerium für Inneres, 2007)

Population (2007 estimate) : 8.316.487
Offences reported to the police (2007): 594.240 (approx. 7.000 per 100.000 inhabitants)
Global tendency : +0.8% (since last year), but decrease over the last three years
Main Offences (2005):

Homicide: 146
Assault: 3.340
Theft: 126.562
Vehicle theft: 6.324
Sexual violence: 1.622
Total Offenders (2005): 243.493
Minors percentage (under 18): 10,23%
Women percentage: NA
Foreigners percentage (2005): 30%
more on crime stats
Prison population (10.11.2003) : 8.114
Prison capacity (2003) : 8.022
Age of criminal responsibility : 14
National victimisation survey : Yes (annually)

2. Safety and crime prevention (general)

Police forces (2005): 26.893
Judicial system workforce (2003): 7.438 (1.709 judges, 21 per 100.000 inhabitants)
Private security forces (2003 estimate): 6.550
Relevant NGO’s operating in the field of crime prevention : Advice center for girls and women victims of sexual abuse (National topic center for Court Assistance), Vienna ; Autonomous Women Center Linz ; Austrian Women’s Shelter Network ; Women against Rape ; Advice and Information Center for Men Vienna ; The Child Protection Center Salzburg ; Children Ombudsmen in Austria ; Domestic Violence Intervention Center Graz

3. Competence of State, regional and local authorities / Partnership structures

National Crime Prevention Council : Advisory Board for Fundamental Questions of Violence Prevention – Prevention Board (since 1997)
National actions plans: Platform against Violence in the Family (1993) ; National Action Plan on Social Inclusion (2003) ; Action Plan against Child Abuse and Child Pornography on the Internet (1998) ; YAP – Youngrights Action Plan (2003) ; Crime Victims Assistance Act (1972) ; Protection against Domestic Violence Act (1997)
Regional level of competence: Accomplishment legislation of the Youth Welfare Act; Co-operation of youth welfare offices with other officials; Financing of women shelters (legal recognition with the Social Welfare Bills); Co-operation of intervention centers and law enforcement officers.
Local authorities: Local authorities are in charge of local police forces.
Local Campaigns such as the Joined Anti-Violence Program for perpetrators of violence against women, a co-operation of the Counseling Center for Men in Vienna and the Domestic Abuse Interventions Center Vienna, offering anti-violence training for perpetrators (group program, 8 month) and a support program for the participants’ partners as well as monitoring and co-operation to safeguard victims safety. This pilot project is financed by the Federal Ministry of the Interior.
Role of elected officials (city mayors): The mayor is head of the local police forces.

4. Main Debates

Domestic violence, Trafficking and illegal immigration, Prevention of drug addiction and drug related crime, violence in the media, violence in schools, EU enlargement and Schengen

“Protection against discrimination and violence is essential to the protection of human rights.” Michael Häupl, Mayor of Vienna

Vienna, Austria, February 2017  – The city of Vienna (Austria) will host the European seminar “Preventing and countering discriminatory violence at the local level” on 2-3 March, as part of the European Just and Safer Cities for All project. On … More

Justice for minors in Austria: Summary Report

Age of criminal responsibility:  The law covering the rights of minors (Jugendgerichtsgesetz 1988) makes a distinction between “children”, i.e. people who are under 14, and “adolescents”, i.e. minors between 14 and 19.  –         Minors under 14 have complete criminal irresponsibility … More